The Berlin Patient treatment being replicated by researchers to cure HIV cases
Since 1980, scientists have been working hard on finding a permanent cure for HIV / AIDS. The most effective finding by date is the antiretroviral therapy, commonly known as ART, which supports the immunity of a person by suppressing the ability of the virus to replicate. Although, no definite drug has been discovered to cure HIV, there has been one man who got cured from this infection. Famously known as the “Berlin Patient”, this man is believed to have undergone a combination of treatments, which finally contributed to the viral load being undetectable.
The case of the patient who got treated from the deadly virus of HIV is considered to be special and research is being conducted to study the same. The Berlin patient is known to have been suffering from leukemia as well as HIV, which implies that not only his CD4-T cells were damaged, but also the bone marrow that creates the cells had become cancerous. The treatment was conducted in two phases which involved using the radiation therapy to kill the cancer cells and then a bone-marrow transplant, which lead to the rebirth of the white blood cells again. On the completion of the treatment, the patient’s cancer cells underwent a remission and the viral load also became undetectable.
While the treatments are known to all, no valid theory is available to validate the remedy that worked for the patient. To find a solution to this, researchers had conducted a similar treatment on macaque monkeys. After the research it was found out that radiation was not the remedy that worked on the Berlin patient as in case of monkeys the HIV virus was still alive even after the radiation. This has left the researchers with limited options now to find out the real cure that worked in the Berlin patient’s case. Once known, the remedy would prove to be highly beneficial in curing millions of people in US, who have HIV.